Bamboo is a are a diverse group of evergreen perennial flowering plants typically native to tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates. It is most commonly found in Asia and Southern America but, is also found in Australia, Africa, and North America. So, what is an evergreen perennial plant? This category of plants describes ones that live for more than one growing season. Plants such as conifers (Pine trees) also fall into this category. These plants are often used in gardens to add beauty during seasons that many flowers or plants are not growing.
One of the most common and talked about characteristics of Bamboo is its ability to grow at extremely fast rates. Bamboo, on average, grows at a rate of about .03 (0.09 feet) meters per hour or 0.72 meters (2.3 feet) per day! There are a few reasons why Bamboo can grow so fast. The first is that Bamboo creates the cells they need to grow when they are a bud. This means that they don’t need to waste time waiting for cells to divide, instead, they have a stockpile of cells ready to be used at any given moment. The other reason they grow so fast is that their growth does not increase the diameter of the plant. Instead, the cells grow only vertically. This allows the growth to be focused in a single direction and not spent on growing horizontally.
Why does Bamboo do this though? This growth style is vital to the survival of Bamboo. Since Bamboo usually grows in dense and dark areas it is not able to create food via photosynthesis if it is low to the floor. Over thousands of years of adaptation, the Bamboo has made itself the fastest growing plant on Earth.