Subcutaneous Layer

The first layer below the cutaneous membrane is called the subcutaneous layer. It is also known as the hypodermis and superficial fascia. Although this layer helps stabilize the integumentary system and shares some characteristics, it is not technically a part of the integumentary system. Within the subcutaneous layer, you can find major blood vessels, adiposeContinue reading “Subcutaneous Layer”

Dermis

Layers Of The Dermis The dermis layer is located inferior to the epidermis layer in the cutaneous layer. This layer is made of connective tissue and can be divided into two layers: Papillary Layer Reticular Layer The papillary layer of the dermis is the most superficial layer of the two. It is inferior to theContinue reading “Dermis”

The Epidermis

Epidermis Cell Types The epidermis is the most superficial layer of the cutaneous membrane. It is composed of stratified squamous epithelium and consists of four types of cells: Keratinocytes Melanocytes Merkel Cells Langerhans Cells Keratinocytes are the most abundant and prominent cell type in the epidermis layer. It produces a protein called keratin that helpsContinue reading “The Epidermis”